Acne is a skin condition which usually begins during the teenage years when the skin’s oil producing glands start to produce oily sebum. When the oil glands become blocked, this leads to the formation of comedones – blackheads and whiteheads. When bacteria infect these areas, the skin becomes red and inflamed, resulting in pimples. Sometimes, pus may develop within the pimple. In bad cases, large painful swellings called nodules and cysts may form, and may result in scarring after the condition has eventually settled. It is important to consult a dermatologist early as the appropriate medical treatment can improve your appearance and prevent development of scars.
There are various treatments for acne including topical gels and lotions, oral antibiotics and oral retinoids in more severe cases. Oral retinoids should always be prescribed under the care of a dermatologist due to the serious side effects. To improve the appearance of the skin and treat scarring, laser treatments may be offered. It is important to practice good skin care as well.