Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that appears as tiny brown bumps on any part of the body. The centre of the bump may have a depression filled with white material. This condition is more common in children. It is usually harmless, but your child may scratch or pick at the bumps, leading to bacterial infection. It is also contagious and can be transmitted to other areas of the body or to other children.
Treatment such as pricking, freezing with liquid nitrogen or applying a medicated cream to the surface may be offered by the dermatologist.
Scabies is a skin rash that occurs due to skin infestation by the scabies mite. This mite is not visible to the naked eye and can only be seen under a microscope. The condition manifests as an intensely itchy red bumpy rash affecting mainly the hands, skin folds, groin and tummy area.
Treatment is in the form of a lotion applied to the whole body which contains a scabicide agent. It is important to treat this condition adequately, including treating all family members in the same household, as it is extremely contagious.
Fungal skin infections
Fungal skin infections are common. They usually occur in warm, moist environments such as the groin, feet and areas with skin folds such as the neck and armpits. In infants and young children, they commonly cause diaper rash. Fungal skin infections may appear as a red and scaly rash.
The dermatologist may perform a skin scrape to look for fungus and may then prescribe an antifungal cream to be used on the affected areas until the rash clears.