Risks Of Electrosurgery
Complications from electrosurgery that can arise are electric shock and electrical burns, thermal burns, the transmission of infection, and the production of toxic gases.
If a grounding pad is not used, shock can occur in the patient or doctor when the current disperses throughout the body when there is contact with grounded objects like metal.
Aside from electrical shocks, electrical burns may occur if a patient is in contact with a grounded object.
The presence of flowing oxygen or the use of flammable cleansers such as alcohol can induce burns. Using nonflammable cleansers such as povidone-iodine or chlorhexidine may reduce the risk.
Injury to the eye may be caused by sparks or direct thermal injury when electrosurgery is used near the orbit.
Transmission of infection
Bacterial and viral particles such as human papillomavirus (HPV) may be transmitted to the operator through direct contact or via inhalation of the fumes containing particles.